Chemin de Fer Touristique du Rhin
|Running steam||030TB EMG||020 Henschel||020 Cockerill||020 Fives|
|In Restoration||SACM||020 Cockerill||GE4036||GE4032||Deutz Suisse||020 Decauville vapeur|
The DMC at the depot do the CFTR in 2014 after its restauration. (Picture Sébastien Kieffer)
General characteristics of the switcher:
The switcher nicknamed "DMC" at the CFTR is a switcher built by a well-known company in France: Gaston Moyse. It has been built in the suburb of Paris in 1929. It has a long history at the CFTR: it was belonging to the CFT of the Doller (the former touristic railway from which the founding members were coming) and came to Volgelsheim in 1982. Its owner is a founding member who owns the Baldwin locomotive too.Its nickname DMC comes from the former textile company from Mulhouse "Dollfuss, Meig & Cie" which used it the last before the CFTVD saved it.
Life at CFTR:
At the begininning, (what can be seen here between 1'10 and 3'00), it has been used to pull the train to the station and this was a quite difficult task for a switcher which is so weak. But at that time, there was not enough switchers to do the job and without it, the CFTR would have had great difficulties!
After this, the DMC was only used to switch other locomotives in the depot but this service was a little bit too hard and one of its traction motors could not survive it (despite some failed attempts of the webmaster to try to bring it back to life. Then it has been put aside, waiting for an occasion to repair it. At the beginning, it stayed at the depot but because it just disturbed the operation, it has been parked at the station in Volgelsheim.
After some few years and because the safety situation in France continuously worsens, the DMC and the mail car (which also was parked at the station) have been vandalized (fortunately only superficially).
One can forget it but it is one of the very rare last switcher from the Chemin de Fer Alsace-Lorraine (the successor of the imperial railway of Elsaß-Lothringen) like the steamlocomotives 030. That's why it has been repaired in 2010 and in 2014 a second Moyse has been acquired for spare parts, especially for the traction motor.
More technical infos:
The 4 cylinder in line diesel engine is directly mounted in the cab! Something very positive for the service but suboptimal for the operation. The transmission is electrical, like a lot of Moyse produced in the 20's. The intention was praiseworthy but the transmission is not the best part of the switcher. It has been reported that it went up regularly in smoke. (Traction motors and generator...)
The generator is flanged to the diesel and is situated between cab and one of the short hoods. There are 2 traction motors which are mounted in the same frame. This frame is suspended on three points under the frame of the switcher. When dismantled, the frame can only be removed through the cab... Changing the traction motors implies to remove the cab, the diesel engine and the generator!
The control and brake stand is very complete and allows the easy change of running direction. Driving this switcher is really easy: the engineer only needs to change the lever of the injection pump to accelerate the engine. The engine speeds increases, the generator runs faster, the voltage increases and consequently, the speed of the traction motors or their tractive effort increases. A lever for shunting allows the limitation of current in the traction motors: an electrical resistance is inserted in parallel with them and the current is redirected through it. The current in the motors decreases. Following current values are valid:
(transitionnal regime): 150A
Maximum current (transitionnal regime):
In reality, these official values are a little bit exagerated. The performances are in fact lower.
The technical data of the diesel engine are the following:
Type: 4C125 Cycle: 4 stroke Number of
cylinders: 4 Bore:
125 mm Stroke: 170 mm Displacement:
8,34 litres Output Power: 59kW at1500 rpm Injection: direct Idle speed: 600 rpm Specific fuel
consumption: 244 gr/(KW.h)
Number of cylinders:
59kW at1500 rpm
Specific fuel consumption:
between traction motors and axles is realized by